Muhammad ibn al Uthaymeen

In the Company of Allaah: Confirming that Allaah is with His Creation – Shaykh Ibn Al-‘Uthaymeen

In the Company of Allaah: Confirming that Allaah is with His Creation
Shaykh Ibn Al-‘Uthaymeen
Translated by Abu az-Zubayr Harrison @ authentictranslations.com [PDF] From Shaykh Ibn Al-‘Uthaymeen’s explanation of the famous book “Al-‘Aqeedah Al-Waasitiyyah” by Ibn Taymiyyah.

[Download PDF here]

Related Links:

Mp3 Audio Companion for Qawaa’id al-Muthlaa Book (Asma wa Sifaat) of Shaykh ‘Uthaymeen

‘Aqeedah Course – Summer ’10 (16 MP3s)

Audio Lecture of Abul-’Abbaas Moosaa Richardson
Summer Islaamic Courses

‘Aqeedah |
Fiqh/Tafseer | Seerah 

A set of Islamic Courses aimed at educating the Muslims about core aspects of their religion. July 12th-August 5th, 2010, TROID, Toronto, Canada Instructor: Abul-’Abbaas Moosaa Richardson Moosaa Richardson is an American Post-Graduate Student from Ummul-Quraa University in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. His works are available in-print with TROID Publications and online at www.bakkah.net

‘Aqeedah Series: The ’Aqeedah Series is based upon Qawaa’id al-Muthlaa, Exemplary Principles Concerning the Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allaah, by Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-’Uthaymeen  (16 mp3 audio)

Buy and Dowload the mp3 audio @ http://www.troid.ca/store/home.php?cat=277

I have listened to these mp3 and they are excellent !!, a Must to understand the Principles related to Asma wa Sifaat

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Classification of the Names of Allaah into Three Categories

Allaah’s Names are not limited to any specific number, and this is understood from the statement of the Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) in the well-known narration: ))

«…I ask You by every Name that You have, those You named yourself with, those You revealed in Your Book, those You taught one of Your created beings, and those You kept with Yourself as knowledge of the Unseen…»

It was collected by Ahmad,[1] Ibn Hib-baan,[2] and al-Haakim,[3] and it is saheeh (authentic).[4]

The Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) classified the Names of Allaah into three categories from all the Names He Named Himself with:

[1] Those He has revealed in His Book,
e.g. bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem (In the Name of Allaah, ar-Rahmaan, ar-Raheem).

[2] Those He has taught one of His created beings

e.g. It is not in the Qur`aan, however, it has been taught by revelation to one of His Prophets. How can anyone be taught a Name of Allaah that is not in the Qur`aan unless he was a Prophet who received revelation? So, he is referring to the Names he learned about Allaah from the revelations that is not in the Qur`aan. An example of this would be al-Witr. Allaah is al-Witr (the Unique One). The Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said:

Allaah is Witr , and He loves Witr

So, reference to Allaah being Witr is not found in the Book of Allaah, rather, it comes from the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam).

[3] And those He has kept with Himself as knowledge of the Unseen.

e.g. We have no knowledge of this third category, because Allaah has chosen to keep some of these Names to Himself. So, we do not say, just because we know all the Names in the Qur`aan, and that we’ve gathered all the Names in the Sunnah, that we could have possibly gathered all of Allaah’s Names. We have only been given a little knowledge with regards to His Names. How many Names are there that He has kept for Himself and not revealed to anyone? We do not know. Knowledge of that has not been given to us. We only know the Names that He has Named Himself with in His Book, and the Names His Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) has conveyed to us. Beyond that, we do not know. We do know from this reference of the Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) that there are other Names that He did not reveal to us, and that His Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) did not even know about.

That being the case, we have another proof against those who name Allaah with Names other than those in the Book and the Sunnah; those who go against the tawqeefiyyah nature of Allaah’s Names. They name Allaah with names like Vishnu, al-Muhandis and so on. They name Allaah with names that they feel are good in their meaning, but have no support in the Book or the Sunnah. This is not permissible based on this hadeeth. This hadeeth gives us three categories of Allaah’s Names, and one of them is not good names that you deduce from your own intellect. Rather (we have been given a classification of) Names that Allaah has revealed in His Book, Names that He has taught one of His Prophets, or Names that He has kept for Himself. So this is a refutation and a further support for what was mentioned about Allaah’s Names being tawqeefiyyah.

We have a clear indication from the Messenger (salallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) that Allaah has Names we do not know of. This being the case, anyone who can mention the ninety-nine Names, we say: ‘Those are from the Names that we have knowledge of and there are others we do not have knowledge of.’ In fact, many of the scholars of the past made attempts to enumerate the Names of Allaah so that they may attain the reward from Allaah mentioned in this hadeeth we will discuss. They gathered ninety-nine, and they kept gathering because they needed a principle by which to extract the Names from the verses that would land them on ninety-nine. Some of the scholars had lengthy, lengthy lists of Allaah’s Names that reached up to two hundred names while they were initially trying to gather the ninety-nine mentioned in the hadeeth. However, their principles led them to gather more. Some of them like Ibn Hazm could not count up to ninety-nine, they only got to eighty-some or seventy-some. So, they differed in the numbers of names they gathered, and they did not have the same number although they all tried to gather ninety-nine.

It is not possible for anyone to count or have complete knowledge of the Names that Allaah, the Exalted, has kept with Himself as knowledge of the Unseen.

Footnotes:

[1] Collected by Ahmad in his Musnad (1/391, 452)
[2] Refer to Saheeh Ibn Hib-baan bi-Tarteeb Ibn Balbaan (972)
[3] Refer to al-Mustadrak (1929)
[4] Refer to Silsilatul-Ahaadeethis-Saheehah (199) of al-Albaanee and Muqbil ibn Haadee’s comments on Al-Mustadrak (1/696). For further study, review the criticism mentioned in Al`Ilal of ad-Daarqutnee (5/199-201) and Tahqeeq Musnad Ahmad (6/247-250).

Source : Allaah’s Names are not limited to any specific number – Al-Qawaa`id al-Muthlaa , Explained by Moosa Richardson, Notes by Umm Sufyan

Related Links:

Allaah is Al-`Alee (the Most High) – Al-Qawaa’id al-Muthlaa

Another Name of Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta`aala) is Al-`Alee (the Most High). The Attribute is `Uloow (Loftiness). So Allaah is `Al-Alee and He has Loftiness.

How is Allaah’s Loftiness distinct and more superior in comparison to the loftiness of things in the created realm?

There is nothing and no-one above Allaah, His Loftiness is absolutely perfect, meaning the Highest and Most Lofty.

Some people want to reject the idea that Allaah has rose above His throne. They say: Based on the dunyaa regulations that we know, and the way our created realm works, if you rise above something, then that means you were below it before you rose above it.

However, this is Allaah (`Azza wa Jall) with the most perfect kind of `Uloow and the most perfect kind of Action. So we do not dictate to Allaah how He rose above His Throne. And to say that He was beneath it before He rose above it is not from the statements of the Salaf and it is not understood from the `istiwaa (rising above the Throne).

Some perverted the text in Arabic by saying that Allaah conquered the Throne, This is incorrect. `Istiwaa is known in the Arabic language as irtafa`a `alaa, wartafa`aa, wa sa`ada. This is what the early scholars of the sahaabah and the tabi`oon used to describe the Istiwaa` with – as ascension, rising, and elevating. All of them denote the idea of being Lofty.

When someone ascends above something within the created realm, it means he was underneath it before that. But Allaah’s perfect Ascension would never include that Allaah was beneath something before He has risen above it. He is the Al-`Alee, the Lofty in the most perfect way.

Source : Two Important Principles Concerning Allaah’s Names – Al-Qawaa’id al-Muthlaa by By Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih Al-’Uthaymeen, Explained by Moosa Richardson, Notes by Umm Sufyan

Related Link:

  • Al-’Alee, Al-’Atheem – Taken from Tafseer Ayatul-Kursi – By Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih Al-’Uthaymeen
    With Related Points of Benefit From the Shaykh’s Commentary on Imaam ibn Taymeeyah’s Sharhul ’Aqeedatil-Waasitiyyah,  Prepared by  Dr. Saleh As-Saleh (rahimahullah)

القَوِيّ Al-Qawiyy (the Mighty or Strong) : One of the Names of Allaah

القَوِيّ Al-Qawiyy  (The One Perfect in Strength)

Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta`aala) has referred to Himself as Al-Qawee (the Mighty or Strong). The Attribute is Quwaa.

How is the Strength of Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta`aala) the perfect kind of Strength unlike the strength in the created beings?

One way to make the attributes that Allaah has, distinct, and to understand the superiority and perfection of His Attributes is to think about what precedes that Attribute or what follows it, such as Life not being preceded by birth nor followed up by death.

So here, strength that was not preceded by a period of weakness and it is not followed by fatigue or a loss of strength as is the case with the strongest creature on earth that has strength that is limited. It reaches a point where it cannot work anymore and it must rest. So, the strongest creatures reach a point where they exert their strength and they have to take a rest. Does Allaah reach that point? No. Allaah does not reach a point where His Strength goes away and He loses the Attributes of Strength such that He may rest. Allaah is Exalted beyond that. So from that, thinking about the name Al-Qawee, we think about the perfection of Allaah’s Strength and how He is only to be described with the most perfect and complete kind of Strength imaginable.

Source : Two Important Principles Concerning Allaah’s Names – Al-Qawaa’id al-Muthlaa, Explained by Moosa Richardson, Notes by Umm Sufyan

Allaah is Al-`Aleem (the All-Knowing)

Al-`Aleem (the All-Knowing) is one of Allaah’s Names.

Al-`Aleem comes from the word `ilm. So Al`Aleem means one who possesses `ilm. Al-`Aleem includes perfect Knowledge, not preceded by ignorance, nor followed by forgetfulness.

Any knowledge that we possesses has been preceded by ignorance, knowledge is only the result of gaining it. So anyone who has knowledge from us now is because they sought it and it was preceded by ignorance, meaning they were ignorant of what they know. Likewise much of the knowledge that we have now will be followed by forgetfulness or weakness in memory. All of these things are impossible to be understood when we talk about knowledge of Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta`aala).

Allaah’s Knowledge is Perfect, Comprehensive, All-Encompassing detailed Knowledge that has no deficiency, no limit and no restrictions as Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta`aala) is beyond all of these ideas.

Allaah, the Exalted, has said:

The knowledge thereof is with my Lord, in a Record.
My Lord neither errs nor He forgets. [20:52]

The Knowledge of Allaah as He has described Himself with in this verse does not include possibility of unawareness, ignorance nor could it include the possibility of forgetfulness.

The knowledge referred to here is comprehensive knowledge, and it encompasses everything generally and specifically, whether it be related to His Actions or the actions of His Creation.

Allaah, the Exalted, has said:

And with Him are the keys of the Ghayb (all that is hidden), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in the land and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but he knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record. [6:59]

Again this shows you the expansiveness and comprehensive nature of the Knowledge of Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta`aala).

And no moving (living) creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allaah. And He knows its dwelling place and its deposit (in the uterus, grave). All is in a Clear Book (Al-Lawh Al-Mahfood – the Book of Decrees with Allaah). [11:6]

He knows what is in the heavens and on earth, and He knows what you conceal and what you reveal. And Allaah is the All-Knower of what is in the breasts (of men). [64:4]

The Effect this name of Allaah Should Have on Us as Servants :

1. Fear of Allaah;
2. Obedience to Him because He Sees, Hears, and Knows everything that we do;

If a leaf does not fall in the darkness of the night except that Allaah knows where it falls, then what about us and our actions? Our intentions? And what our chests hide from the people? So knowledge of Allaah increases a person’s consciousness of Allaah; it leads a person to better his practice of Islaam and to stay away from disobedience to Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta`aala).

Source : Two Important Principles Concerning Allaah’s Names – Al-Qawaa’id al-Muthlaa, Explained by Moosa Richardson, Notes by Umm Sufyan

Names of Allaah without “Al-” in the Beginning? – Moosaa Richardson

Question:

Assalaamu alaik – regarding the book exemplary principles concerning the names and attributes of allaah – in the evidences section for allaahs names – there may be names with ‘al’ before them but in the evidence used for those names there is no al. For example on page 246,name22 – it gives the name al-haleem but in the ayah below that it says haleemun (not al-haleem) so is this something allowed or is it that the name al haleem is established in another place in the quraan or sunnah ? Should I just trust the names of allaah with ‘al’ at the beginning shown in the book although the evidences used for those names dont always come with ‘al’ ? This is an important issue for me as I am worried about affirming a name for allaah that is not his name so please get back to me as soon as you can.

Answer:

wa alaykumus-salaamu wa rahmatullaah.

Having “Al-” or not is the only one consideration the scholars use for establishing a Name for Allaah.  If it was only this then we would not be able to complete a list of 99 names, and our list would include other names like “At-Tabeeb” and “Ad-Dahr”.  So the scholars consider the meanings (firstly) of the texts, idhaafah (or lack of it), taqyeed or itlaaq, ishtiqaaq, and the “Al-” prefix.  This is something you can review with an Arabic teacher (who has knowledge of the correct aqeedah) if you are not clear on it.

Specifically, with names like Haleem and Ilaah are discussed, and others, there is no Qur’aanic text referring to Allaah as Al-Haleem or Al-Ilaah, and I do not know of any hadeeth either.  Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen affirmed them both and others like them without relying on a text with “Al-” since the context in both Qur’aanic passages was unrestricted “mutlaq”.  So the Verse meaning ”Your ilaah is one ilaah, there is no ilaah other than Him…” was used to establish the name Al-Ilaah, and the aayah you mentioned for al-Haleem, and so on.

This is known to the scholars since if you were to stick to only names that come with only clear explicit Alif-Laam ”Al-”, then you would only gather about 40/50 or so names from the texts.  And since the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam) encouraged his ummah to seek after the 99 Names, then there must be another way that just relying only on “Al-”.  And then the scholars differed in their specific methods of deriving Allaah’s Names from the texts.

I hope I was able to help a bit, and Allaah knows best.

moosaa

Source : Posted by Moosaa Richardson in KSA_Dawah – Group
Related Links:

al-Qawaa`id al-Muthlaa – The Attributes of allaah are Tawqeefiyyah – There is no place for intellectual free-thinking regarding them

In the Name of Allaah, the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy. . .

al-Qawaa`id al-Muthlaa
Shaykh ibn al-`Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)

The Seventh principle concerning Allaah’s attributes
The Attributes of allaah are Tawqeefiyyah :
There is no place for intellectual free-thinking regarding them
[PDF] By Ustaadh Moosaa Richardson
Notes by Umm Sufyaan Faatimah @ istijabah.com

al-Qawaa`id al-Muthlaa – Allaah’s Attributes Can Be Divided Into Two Kinds – Permanent, Continuous Attributes And Chosen Actions

In the Name of Allaah, the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy. . .

al-Qawaa`id al-Muthlaa
Shaykh ibn al-`Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)

The Fifth Principle Concerning Allaah’s Attributes
They Can Be Divided Into Two Kinds – Permanent, Continuous Attributes And Chosen Actions [PDF] By Ustaadh Moosaa Richardson
Notes by Umm Sufyaan Faatimah @ istijabah.com

al-Qawaa`id al-Muthlaa – Points of Wisdom Behind the Negation of Certain Attributes

In the Name of Allaah, the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy. . .

al-Qawaa`id al-Muthlaa
Shaykh ibn al-`Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)
4th Principle – Points of Wisdom Behind the Negation of Certain Attributes [PDF]

By Ustaadh Moosaa Richardson
Notes by Umm Sufyaan Faatimah @ istijabah.com